Month: April 2021

What’s the Difference Between Indica and Sativa?

difference between indica and sativa

With so many different cannabis strains producing a bevy of effects, properly categorizing them is crucial to ensuring that patients know what to expect from their cannabis. The simplest way to categorize these strains is by breaking them up into three simple groups: indica, sativa, and hybrids. 

What’s the Difference Between Indica and Sativa?

Indica and sativa strains produce very different effects.

Indica strains are known for their strong physical buzz and sedating effects. Indica weed will calm you and relax you both physically and mentally. Indica strains are known for their ability to produce a full-body buzz that is sedating, relaxing, sleep-inducing, and appetite-stimulating. Additionally, indica weed produces a spacey and stoney head high that is much more toned down than that produced by sativas. Because of their sedating effects, indica strains are best used at nighttime and are preferred by those seeking relief from pain, insomnia, and eating disorders. 

What’s the difference between indica and sativa? Sativa strains are known for their uplifting cerebral stimulation and their strong cerebral euphoria. These strains are prized for their head buzz and typically feature only a mild body high. They have also been known to boost creativity, improve focus, energize, and instill a sense of happiness. Because of their uplifting effects, these strains are perfect for daytime use and can be useful to those who seek relief from anxiety, stress, and depression. 

difference between indica and sativa

There are also differences between the plants that produce these buds. Indica plants tend to grow shorter and bushier, while sativa plants tend to grow tall and lanky with thinner leaves. Additionally, physical differences can also sometimes occur in the buds themselves. Indica buds can sometimes be wispier and looser while sativa buds tend to be a little more solid. 

Indica vs. Sativa vs. Hybrid

Not all strains fall into either category. Some strains contain a combination of genetics from both types of plants. These strains are called hybrids. 

Depending on how much of its genetics are influenced by each side, hybrid strains can be either indica-dominant or sativa-dominant. These strains will produce a mix of physical and cerebral effects depending on their genetics. Some strains are a perfect 50/50 mix of both categories. These strains produce both a significant head buzz and a significant body buzz. When it comes to indica vs. sativa vs. hybrid, patients seeking both physical and mental relief are usually better off with a hybrid strain. 

Where Do the Terms Come From?

Originally, the difference between indica and sativa had nothing to do with effects. The two terms originated in the 18th century as a way to describe two species of cannabis: Cannabis Indica and Cannabis Sativa. Sativa referred to the hemp plants that originated from Europe and Eurasia, while Indica was used to refer to the mind-altering and intoxicating variety of cannabis that originated from the Hindu Kush mountain range in India and Pakistan.

Today, these terms have been repurposed to refer only to the effects produced by strains. In reality, all cannabis strains that produce any kind of intoxicating or mind-altering effects are of the cannabis indica variety. 
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What Is Cannabis Oil & How Can You Use It?

Cannabis oil has become one of the most popular and convenient ways of enjoying cannabis. Not only are they a safer alternative to smoking, but cannabis oils are also very easy to take and super convenient to use. Thinking about trying out some oil for yourself? Keep reading to find out everything you need to know about cannabis oil and how you can make the most of it.

cannabis oil pen

What Is Cannabis Oil?

Cannabis oil is a liquid extract that is pulled from the cannabis plant. This potent extract has quickly gained popularity for its potency, effectiveness, and ease of use. 

Be careful not to confuse CBD oil with cannabis oil. While CBD oil is indeed an oily extract pulled from the cannabis plant, it is typically stripped of all other compounds, leaving behind just CBD. By comparison, most cannabis oils are usually THC-dominant and typically feature a broad spectrum or full spectrum of plant compounds. 

cannabis oil pen

How to Use Cannabis Oil: Cannabis Oil Pen vs. Sublingual Cannabis Oil

Some cannabis oils are made to be applied sublingually or ingested orally, while others are specifically designed to be vaporized or smoked. It’s important to know which is which so you can use them as safely and effectively as possible. 

If your oil is designed for sublingual application, the easiest way to use it is to load up the dropper and use it to place the oil under your tongue. Let the oil sit there for a few minutes before swishing it around your mouth and swallowing it. The contents of the oil will be absorbed by membranes under the tongue and on the inside of the cheeks from where it can be transported into the bloodstream leading to fast-acting effects. 

Using a cannabis oil pen is just as easy! Pre-filled oil cartridges can be quickly attached to 510 thread batteries to produce instant vapor at the press of a button or even just as you inhale. 

What are the advantages of using cannabis oil instead of another cannabis product? Cannabis oil is a more discreet dosing option that is easy to use and carry, making it perfect for on-the-go dosing. Additionally, cannabis oil is a safer alternative to smoking or vaping cannabis since it requires no inhalation of any kind of foreign substance.

cannabis oil pen

Cannabis Oil for Pain and Anxiety

Pain is one of the most common reasons why people turn to therapeutic cannabis products like cannabis oil. 

What’s the best cannabis oil for pain? Research shows that THC and CBD may affect pain perception and may alleviate inflammation and inflammatory pain. THC is believed to be especially effective at managing central or neuropathic pain, while CBD is thought to be better suited for reducing inflammation

While these two cannabinoids may be effective on their own, the best cannabis oil for pain will contain a combination of these two cannabinoids. Working together in synergy, these cannabinoids can take advantage of the entourage effect to produce more comprehensive pain relief than either could on their own. If you find that your THC or CBD oil just isn’t getting it done, try a combination of the two before moving on to another treatment option. 

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Everything You Should Know About Cannabinoids

How is cannabis able to produce its intoxicating, mind-altering, and therapeutic effects? Mostly through the use of cannabinoids. The two best-known cannabinoids are delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). But there are actually many, many more in the cannabis plant worth knowing. 

What Are Cannabinoids?

Cannabinoids are a group of lipophilic molecules found in the cannabis plant. The precise number that exist in cannabis is unknown, but so far more than 100 individual cannabinoids have been detected.

Cannabinoids are believed to be responsible for producing most of the therapeutic and intoxicating effects of cannabis. It has been theorized that other cannabis compounds, like terpenes, work together in synergy with them to produce more complete effects (the entourage effect). Nevertheless, the overwhelming therapeutic and intoxicating potential of individual ones is undeniable. 

The Effects

Cannabinoids like THC and CBD are considered to be ‘phytocannabinoids’. This means that they are external cannabinoids that are introduced into the body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS). The ECS is a physiological system that helps the body to remain well-balanced (homeostasis). It is believed that the ECS is responsible for modulating functions like sleep, mood, appetite, pain perception, and much more.

The ECS is primarily composed of protein cell receptors, endocannabinoids, and phytocannabinoids. Cannabinoids produce their effects by interacting with these cell receptors in various ways. For example, THC has been known to bind directly to CB1 and CB2 receptors. By comparison, CBD has been found to stimulate these receptors, even changing the shape of CB1 receptors and making it harder for them to bind with THC. 

That’s why, when THC and CBD are consumed together, some of THC’s stimulating effects are muted. Some people tend to experience anxiety or paranoia when consuming THC, but adding CBD into the mix can help to negate some of the negative effects of cannabinoids like THC. Their effects can be seriously altered by bringing other cannabinoids into the mix. 

But phytocannabinoids like THC and CBD aren’t the only cannabinoids that work with the ECS–there’s also the role of endocannabinoids to consider. Endocannabinoids are endogenously produced cannabinoids made by the body specifically for the purpose of interacting with the ECS to maintain homeostasis. 

After endocannabinoids finish their job, they are broken down by enzymes and recycled, kind of like they were edible cannabinoids that the body eats up. But research shows that phytocannabinoids can alter this process. For instance, CBD is believed to inhibit the breakdown of endocannabinoids, allowing them to work for longer.

Common Cannabinoids and Their Effects

Now that we’ve addressed the common question “what are cannabinoids?” let’s take a look at some of the most common ones found in cannabis and what they do. 

THC: Tetrahydrocannabinol. This intoxicating cannabinoid is responsible for the mind-altering high cannabis produces. Most of the negative effects of cannabis (anxiety, paranoia, drowsiness, overeating) are associated with THC. 

CBD: Cannabidiol. A psychoactive yet non-intoxicating cannabinoid with serious therapeutic potential for alleviating pain, anxiety, and more. 

CBG: Cannabigerol. Found in small concentrations in cannabis. Is believed to have the potential for fighting inflammation, pain, nausea, glaucoma.

CBN: Cannabinol. A mildly psychoactive cannabinoid that is more abundant in older and aged cannabis. 

CBC: Cannabichromene. May have pain-relieving effects. Believed to stimulate the release of the endocannabinoid anandamide. 

THCA: Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid. The acidic precursor to THC. Visible as the crystals that cover the leaves and buds of the cannabis plant. Is converted into intoxicating THC when exposed to heat.
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